Umbria is one of the only landlocked regions in Italy. Situated more or less in the centre of Italy, it is bordered by Le Marche, Lazio and Tuscany.Umbria is made up of two provinces, Perugia and Terni. Perugia is the capital city of the region.
Umbria covers an area of approximately 8,500 square kilometres and has a population of 867,878. It’s beautiful scenery of woodlands and gently rolling hills has led it to be called the “Green Heart of Italy”. Umbria is ‘Picture Postcard’ Italy.
Although most visitors are drawn to Umbria for the beautiful scenery, they soon discover that the region has many wonderful artistic and historical relics as well.
Almost every town hosts beautiful examples of Medieval and Renaissance art. Wonderful frescos such as those in the famous St. Francis Basilica in Assisi are lovingly preserved by the people of the region. Churches, ancient buildings, and roman theatres still stand virtually unchanged by time as a testament to the artistic and scientific achievements the inhabitants. Visitors can also enjoy a glimpse of ancient hand-crafting techniques in ceramics and pottery that are still in use today. Umbria is also home to many fascinating museums and cultural centres.
Umbria a small region with great tastes, satisfies all palates: the best dish for meat lovers is pork, masterfully treated by Umbrian butchers who turn the meat into delicacies like sausages, tasty hams and salami, like those of Norcia, to eat with unsalted bread that brings out the taste.
The best of Umbria’s cheeses are mature pecorino sheep’s cheese and fresh or ripe goat’s milk cheese.
The lentils of Castelluccio di Norcia, a tasty ingredient for soups, main courses or side dishes, were awarded the PGI mark by the European Union (Protected Geographical Indication).
This rich array of dishes goes hand-in-hand with the genuine quality of the products, including the truffle, the most precious of all. The most common variety is the black truffle, very popular with pasta or with game, especially in the area of Norcia and Spoleto, but more valuable white truffles can be found as well, particularly in the Tiberina Valley, Orvieto and Gubbio.
Everything is seasoned with the golden and fruity olive oil produced in this region, which enhances any dish without upstaging the flavor; Umbrian oil of high quality is awarded with a PDO quality mark (Protected Designation of Origin).
For dessert, you must try the typical Umbrian cake, panpepato, and other regional desserts made according to centuries-old recipes.
Finally, Umbria is particularly suitable for wine growing, and its mild climate gives this land top-quality white and red wines, including, among the many well-known labels, Assisi Grechetto and Sagrantino di Montefalco.